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Wear and tear

Why do some tyres wear faster than others?

Wear and Tear

 

A pneumatic tyre’s final mileage depends on several factors:

Some are directly controllable by the motorcyclist: tyre pressure, load carried, vehicle speed, riding style (breaking and accelerating).

Others are not and obligate the rider to adapt to conditions:

  • road use: road curviness, type of surface
  • off-road use: the nature of the terrain (sand, stones, mud, etc.), air temperature

Any one factor can substantially impact the mileage; if several factors are at work together, then the wear and tear will be much greater.

The tread largely insures the tyre’s grip to the road. With use, its capacity to evacuate water decreases. It therefore becomes necessary to reduce one’s speed on wet surfaces.

Be sure to check for wear and tear on pneumatic tyres often.

 

How can I check for wear and tear on my tyres?

Always check several parts of the tyre for wear and tear.

This inspection can be done using a depth gauge or by examining the wear indicators on the tyre’s tread (when present, they may be identified on the sidewall by a symbol). If the legal or technical wear limit has been reached, the tyre must be discarded and replaced.

 

How and when should I inspect my tyres?

Pneumatic tyres must be inspected regularly in order to detect any irregular wear and tear or potential damage.
Proceed with the inspection in the following order:

  • Tyre tread: to detect the presence of foreign objects, cuts, local deterioration, or irregular wear and tear
  • Sidewalls: to detect shock damage (sidewalk, pothole, etc.), cuts, cracks, or abnormal deformations
  • Rim/bead, chaffer area: to find traces of friction or the deterioration of the rim

All holes, cuts, and visible deformations near the tyre tread, sidewalls, or chaffer area must be thoroughly examined (internally and externally) by a tyre specialist. The same goes for any deterioration of the rim.

In any event, never use tyres with damage such as visible or misshapen beads, detached rubber or plies, deterioration from greasy or corrosive substances, or streaks or abrasions on the inner rubber liners as a result of riding with unsuitable tyre pressure.

Each time the vehicle is inspected, check to make sure the valve cap is working correctly. If in doubt, replace it.